HOW TO USE THE RIGHT PUZZLES FOR YOUR HOME THERAPY NEEDS (PART 2)

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In our previous article, we talked about the benefits of puzzles and the types of puzzles to choose from. Now let’s be practical and talk about how to teach concepts with them!

HOW TO TEACH?

How do we teach a child how to solve a puzzle? We went through some speech therapists, occupational therapist, homeschooling and Montessori style articles and extracted some ideas. We’ll also be referencing back to the same article in  HubPages.

Non-connecting puzzles with just 2 – 4 pieces are good for kids at a developmental milestone or age of 0 to 24 months. The ones with big pegs are good for gripping for players with not so good fine motors skills, so the child can focus on the matching activity without getting too discouraged.

It is recommended to progress to puzzles with more pieces after they have mastered the smaller ones. When first working on bigger puzzles, present a few pieces at a time. Let them play with those pieces and figure out the pictures first before attempting to match.

For alphabet or number puzzles, it is also a chance to work on letter or number recognition and speech (sounds of consonants and vowels). Separate the pieces by rows and present them one row at a time.

Connecting puzzles  are more complex and can feel like a leap from their non- connecting counterparts. They require far more advanced perceptual skills. Most of them do not have reference pictures and therefore require the child to either work on memory or on logic, which they clearly have not fully developed yet. A tip that Rose Mary shared was to trace the pieces on the board or keep a notebook of pictures of the finished puzzles. Heidi Song suggests writing the numbers behind each piece and on the board itself. How simple and smart these suggestions are!

Interconnecting puzzles are typically jigsaw puzzles. If your child does not have the focus for a bigger puzzle or you do not have enough time, simply get your child to work on small sections of the puzzle at a time.

OT mom here has 2 methods of working with puzzles. One is to work on the borders first. The other is to group similar pieces together like what Rose Mary did here.

With jigsaw puzzles, you might have to spend a fair amount of time setting up. Make sure all puzzles pieces are faced up before starting the game with your child. This will help children with limited patience who may lose interest if parents take too long setting up. Another method is to involve them in the set up by getting them to help flip over the pieces that are facing down.

It is also useful to note that, before starting a puzzle, it is good to lay down some rules so that children can benefit from the session. For jigsaw, we should encourage children to take a good look at the completed puzzle before taking the puzzle apart. We should also remind the child to work on  one puzzle first before moving to the next to avoid distraction or getting  pieces mixed up.

 

WHAT ELSE TO THINK ABOUT?

A Special Purposed Life, a pediatric speech therapist blogger, walks us through what to think about when buying puzzles. Depending on their stage of development, one can choose puzzles based on the speech goals we want to achieve for them.

For instance, if your child is working on single words, use puzzles that have animals, vehicles, fruits and so on and work on words like animals sounds (‘moo’ for cows, ‘baa’ for sheep, ‘beep-beep’ for cars, etc). Every time they respond to the sound, be it mimic or mouth the word, reward them with the piece and guide them to put it in the right location. Other words they can learn are verbs and preposition such as ‘go’, ‘move’, ‘in’, ‘put’, etc. (We will, in future, include a list of sounds you can make for each type of object.)

If they are working on two words or more, you can say things like ‘I want dog’ or ‘I want the dog’, ‘Find the truck’, etc. You can even find puzzles to teach colours and sentence structure at the same time by saying ‘I want red bear’, ‘I want blue bear’, etc

Are they working on a particular consonant sound such as /b/, /p/? You can use alphabet puzzles to work on these sounds by applying the same technique as used for the animal puzzle. Or you can reuse the transportation puzzle, by presenting a boat for the /p/ sound. This was what we learnt at AVT: say /p-p-p/ and when the child responds, present the boat. Let the child play with it for a while and get him or her to place it in. If the child does not respond, present the boat anyway after the third articulation. If using the alphabet puzzle, do not attempt all letters at one sitting.

It is important to note that puzzles with sounds might not be recommended for training speech as it can be distracting and the human voice is after all better than mechanical sounds. However, for the purpose of occupational therapy, it can be something fun and more attractive to a child with ASD, for instance.

Additional tips: for families who are bilingual, allocate one language to one parent. Play the same puzzles in the same manner but with both languages at separate sessions. This introduces variety so the child can familiarise herself or himself with concepts without getting bored. Also, the consistency helps the child be effectively bilingual as he or she has a good learning model for both languages. At the same time, the other parent can take a break (play can be exhausting for adults too!)

 

Check out these other articles for even more ’puzzling’ tips:

 

Check out these videos too:

 

Do visit our site for more exciting products. Our vendors are not big warehouses, but therapists or specialists in the field and are experts in selecting and curating products carefully and meaningfully. We work hard to bring to you as many great products as we can source from around the world so you can make the best choices for yourself.

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Thank you.

Team Irisada

Assistive Tech Fair in Norway

This week, we were at an assistive tech fair in the far north of the world. So what is interesting over there (or here)?

Mobility and Sports

So the Scandinavians are big on getting out there and nothing can quite get in the way, definitely not a disability. The first section were different types of mobility equipment. There were a lot of unusual ones such as the ones in the picture below. They are much nearer to the ground, good for outdoors and skiing.

Outdoor wheelchairs

A picture with three outdoor purposed wheelchairs. Behind the wheelchairs, there are banners and a screen illustrating the use of the wheelchairs

This can be used on the beach. When not in use, it can float on water. This video shows how a man transferred from it quickly onto a canoe on a beach. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iShrnJOTDTg

Hippocampe

An outdoor 3-wheelchair with 2 big balloon rear wheels and a smaller front wheel. The seat is nearer to the ground than a regular wheelchair.

The outdoor wheelchair on the right is interesting as it is highly modifiable for different outdoor needs. A detachable shaft with a waist sling can be used so a parent can pull a child while hiking. Or parts of the frame can be removed and skis can be added to the base.

Fjellgiet

A picture with two outdoor wheelchairs. The one on the left has skis on. The one on the right is much bigger and has two fat bike wheels and a slightly smaller front wheel. The back of the larger wheelchair has two handlebars and what seem like brakes similar to bicycles.

Luis Gran is the first wheelchair user that crossed Besseggen. We have been there and we know that it is not an easy route, some parts of this ridge are pretty steep.

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A picture in the mountains. In the foreground, three persons are helping a person sitting on a outdoor wheelchair along the ridge. One person is in front with waist slings attached to the wheelchair. Two other persons are behind pushing or lifting.

Photo credits: Taken from Aktiv Hjelpemidler AS website

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Picture of a child sized doll standing in an exercise machine with full body support. There are gliders at the base of the foot, braces at the knee level and supports around the hips, waist, chest and head. There is a handlebar above the waist level with a tabletop mounted on it.

A children’s tricycle with a larger seat and supports around. There is a back bar (for mounting different supports), a push handlebar and a basket at the back of the tricycle.

 

The left picture is a children’s bike that has extra support on the back and neck. The picture beside it is an exercise machine with full body support.
The bottom left picture shows a stroller with additional back and neck support. The bottom right picture is a light weight frame that allows kids with severe physical disability to stand and walk. We asked if it can potentially be uncomfortable or not good physically for the person to be on this for long hours. The sales person said that it should not but not enough research has been done in this area but there are some undergoing right now.

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A stroller with supports on the seat and a inclined footpad.

A picture of a child sized doll standing support by a frame with 4 wheels. There are braces and supports around the child, a handlebar attached to the supports at the back of the child and what looks like brakes on the wheels.

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The device on the left is a frame used to support a child during swimming.

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A tripod frame with a seat in the middle and 3 black buoy like objects around it.

The is an ergonomic wheelchair.

A children’s wheel chair with rounded cushions on the back and seat and foot pads on both sides of the seat.

This amazing bike allows parents to bring their kids out and get a work out too. It is roomy and provides ample support for the child’s head and neck.

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A tricycle with a big rounded cart at the front which can sit 2 children. One side of the cart has a child seat with supports.

Occupational/ Speech Therapy and Communication

These pads are a training system that responds to the touch of hands and feet. The light responds to the force or weight, allowing therapists to design a custom program to train the child’s motor skills and body awareness.

A lady standing on two different coloured pads that have lights in the front of the pads. Beside and in front of the pads, there are other similar pads of different colours placed near to them.

I like this wallet which has felt pages and symbol cards with velcro can be attached to it. Easy to bring around.

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There is a poster of symbols at the background of the picture. The foreground shows a ring note book with a symbol showing a person pointing to himself and words that says ‘meg selv’. Beside the notebook is a fabric wallet with fabric pages. On each page are cardboards of signs.

This is a beautiful series of books that talk about feelings and include symbols.

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6 colourful ring bounded books placed in a row overlapping. The first book is titled ‘forelskelse’ with a cartoon of a man with two hearts for eyes and smiling showing teeth

A ring bound book that is opened. The left page shows a heart with a man and a woman looking at each other with a heart between them. The right page shows a broken heart with a girl in tears. Below both pages there is a sentence and above the sentences there are symbols.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caregivers’ Aids    /  Household Aids
Support arms. The white ones are feeding robots while the black one, though is powered, requires one to use one’s own hand and it provides the additional push.

The bed on the left is a shower trolley, the middle equipment is a multipurpose hygiene chair and the one on the right is also a hygiene chair.

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The sales person is demonstrating how this equipment helps a person get up from a chair and be transferred somewhere else.

This is a simple share on the different solutions out there and is not an endorsement by Irisada on any of the products.

HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT PUZZLES FOR YOUR HOME THERAPY NEEDS (PART 1)

Abstract: This article is generally talking about the types of puzzles and how to use them for therapy (both speech and occupational) at home for kids with special needs. However, we firmly believe some of the techniques are also beneficial for teaching kids without special needs too. Note: tips here are based on compilation of the cited reference sources and also on our own personal experience of conducting therapy for our own children but they are not a replacement for medical or clinical advice. We combined both speech and occupational therapy tips as we believe both are essential for all types of children with or without special needs so  it would be good to have the other area of concepts at the back of our minds when we are conducting one type of therapy.

Random puzzles

Puzzles

Puzzles and boardgames are frequently used by speech and occupational therapists to teach language and skills to kids with ASD or other developmental delays. As caregivers, we understand that it is not always efficient or economical to bring your child to the therapists since it involves adapting of schedule, travelling time, preparation of meals for the child before, during and after therapy (gotta keep the kiddo in absolute good mood to benefit from the session isn’t it?),  what about time away from your other kids (if you have them) and sometimes, the child is simply not in the mood.

So home therapy is highly encouraged as a supplement to your usual therapy sessions as it reinforces concepts. For those who are somehow unable to access therapy (though we highly recommend getting professional help) it will be an alternative and with enough practice, parents can actually acquire the competence.

Moreover, it is a fun way to bond with the child. See it as a chance to play with your child, albeit withjust a bit more structure.

WHY ARE THEY GOOD?

These articles from Child Development Institute  by Pam Myers and learning4kids have highlighted the different skills and concepts that children can pick up. Here we summarise the important points from the article and provide more information.

  • Hand-eye coordination: When moving, flipping and turning pieces, they can learn about the connection between hands and eyes. This enables the brain to envision how the puzzle needs to look or which piece is required. It facilitates the brain, eyes and hands to work together.
  • Fine motor skills: Small, specialized movements to hold and manipulate pieces. Acquiring motor skills through using pincer movement.
  • Gross motor skills: Stacking and moving larger pieces
  • Problem-solving: Discerning if the pieces either fit or not. Children figure out by looking at the different pieces and can test them out. They learn to solve problems logically.
  • Matching: For some puzzles, kids will have to identify which two puzzles look the same and match them
  • Shape recognition: Learning to recognize and sort shapes is part of an important development in children. Puzzle pieces need to be identified and sorted.
  • Memory: Child needs to remember which exact piece, which piece has a particular size, shape, colour, pattern, that didn’t fit now and places it aside, then picking it back up later when needed again.
  • Setting small goals: Child usually willover time develop a strategy of how to work on the puzzle more efficiently. He or she will then need to set small goals like finding all the corners before achieving the larger goal of completing the puzzle.
  • Socializing and teamwork: Working on puzzles with an adult or friend will help a child learn social skills.
  • Self esteem: When kids complete a puzzle, they feel a sense of achievement and pride. This builds up their confidence and self-esteem
  • Language and speech: As you talk about the different pieces to the child, they learn about the different names of the shapes, colours, images they see. They also pick up different prepositions, verbs, sentence formations, etc

 

WHAT PUZZLES TO CHOOSE?

So here are some of the variations to puzzles. We don’t want to clear out the entire toy store so let’s figure together what some of our preferences are. Well, as expected, mixing things up a little is the best.

  1. Material: wooden, foam, plastic, cardboard, magnetic
  2. Type (According to this article on HubPages by Rose Mary an OT): connecting, non connecting, interconnecting, others
  3. Complexity: number of pieces,
  4. Theme: animals, automotives, food, alphabets and numbers, colours, shapes, cartoons, etc

Wooden ones are typically more expensive, especially if you buy high quality ones. For toy lovers, I would invest in better quality ones as they last longer and have better finishes. Simply for the purpose of therapy, buying cheaper imitations work just as well, but do take note to sand off badly finished pieces as we do not want our kids to get scratched or splinters in their fingers (we have enough to deal with).

Foam ones, like plastic, are easy to bring around. Some kids might like their squishy texture, others not. Plastic ones are the most value for money. Magnetic ones are the most fuss-free as they do not fall all over the place and are easy to store (second favourite after wooden ones).

Cardboards are typically jigsaw puzzles which are just so fulfilling when we manage to complete them. And oh so good for developing patience and focus in our little ones. They can also be matching flashcards.

Mazes (which might or might not require a separate writeup, let’s see) are another type of puzzle that are super fun and great for training fine motor skills and problem solving.

For those who find regular jigsaw puzzles dull, they can add a punch by buying those with 3D effect.

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Thank you.

 

Team Irisada.